Nuclear Testing

"All people who were born since 1951 have received some exposure to radiation from weapons testing-related fallout. Some people who received higher radiation doses may have an increased risk of cancer from this exposure, although CDC and NCI scientists believe this risk is small for most people. Your individual dose from fallout will depend on a number of factors such as where you lived when the testing occurred, how much time you spent outdoors, the weather, how much milk you drank and fresh fruits and vegetables you ate, and other personal lifestyle and individual factors."

The Center for Disease Control

US nuclear test condemned by Iran, Japan

Detonating the "twenty-seventh American "subcritical experiment" since full-scale nuclear weapons tests were halted in 1992," the U.S. is showing little real commitment to disarmament at a time when they are loudly demanding it of others. Posturing about Iran's potential nuclear weapons program is high, Israel's actual nuclear weapons program is virtually ignored. The U.S. agenda on nuclear is the picture of hypocracy. To continue atomic testing after all the harm it has done shows that, rhetoric aside, the nuclear boys club in the U.S. political establishment isn't planning on giving up their deadly game of playing chicken with fate anytime soon.

RT.com l 8 December, 2012

Iran has strongly condemned the US for carrying out a nuclear test in Nevada this week, saying the move threatens world peace and shows a hypocritical set of double standards set by Washington when it comes to nuclear research.

The Iranian Foreign Ministry said the Wednesday detonation proves that US foreign policy relies heavily on the use of nuclear weapons, disregarding UN calls for global disarmament, PressTV reports.

The experiment also drew criticism from Japan, with Hiroshima Mayor Kazumi Matsui wondering why the Obama administration carried out the test, despite saying he would “seek a nuclear-free world.”

The test proves that the US “could use nuclear weapons anytime,” said Hirotami Yamada, who heads the Nagasaki Atomic Bomb Survivors Council.

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The human sex odds at birth after the atmospheric atomic bomb tests, after Chernobyl, and in the vicinity of nuclear facilities

Nuclear power generation, accidents, and atomic testing have all affected boy/girl birth ratios. While it has disproportionately affected the birth rate of girls, it has also lowered the overall birthrate.

The human sex odds at birth after the atmospheric atomic bomb tests, after Chernobyl, and in the vicinity of nuclear facilities.

Hagen Scherb & Kristina Voigt  l 19 February 2011     Springer-Verlag

Abstract

Background, aim, and scope Ever since the discovery of the mutagenic properties of ionizing radiation, the possibility of birth sex odds shifts in exposed human populations was considered in the scientific community. Positive evidence, however weak, was obtained after the atomic bombing of Japan. We previously investigated trends in the sex odds before and after the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant accident. In a pilot study, combined data from the Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Norway, Poland, and Sweden between 1982 and 1992 showed a downward trend in the sex odds and a significant jump in 1987, the year immediately after Chernobyl. Moreover, a significant positive association of the sex odds between 1986 and 1991 with Chernobyl fallout at the district level in Germany was observed. Both of these findings, temporality (effect after exposure) and dose response association, yield evidence of causality. The primary aim of this study was to investigate longer time periods (1950–2007) in all of Europe and in the USA with emphasis on the global atmospheric atomic bomb test fallout and on the Chernobyl accident. To obtain further evidence, we also analyze sex odds data near nuclear facilities in Germany and Switzerland.

Data and statistical methods National gender-specific annual live births data for 39 European countries from 1975 to 2007 were compiled using the pertinent internet data bases provided by the World Health Organization, United Nations, Council of Europe, and EUROSTAT. For a synoptic re-analysis of the period 1950 to 1990, published data from the USA and from a predominantly western and less Chernobyl-exposed part of Europe were studied additionally. To assess spatial, temporal, as well as spatial–temporal trends in the sex odds and to investigate possible changes in those trends after the atomic bomb tests, after Chernobyl, and in the vicinity of nuclear facilities, we applied ordinary linear logistic regression. Region-specific and eventually changing spatial–temporal trends were analyzed using dummy variables coding for continents, countries, districts, municipalities, time periods, and appropriate spatial–temporal interactions.

Results The predominantly western European sex odds trend together with the US sex odds trend (1950–1990 each) show a similar behavior. Both trends are consistent with a uniform reduction from 1950 to 1964, an increase from 1964 to 1975 that may be associated with delayed global atomic bomb test fallout released prior to the Partial Test Ban Treaty in 1963 and again a more or less constant decrease from 1975 to 1990. In practically all of Europe, including eastern European countries, from 1975 to 1986, and in the USA from 1975 to 2002, there were highly significant uniform downward trends in the sex odds with a reduction of 0.22% to 0.25% per 10 years. In contrast to the USA, in Europe there was a highly significant jump of the sex odds of 0.20% in the year 1987 following Chernobyl. From 1987 to 2000, the European sex odds trend reversed its sign and went upward, highly significantly so, with 0.42% per 10 years relative to the downward trend before Chernobyl. The global secular trend analyses are corrobo- rated by the analysis of spatial–temporal sex odds trends near nuclear facilities (NF) in Germany and Switzerland. Within 35 km distance from those NF, the sex odds increase significantly in the range of 0.30% to 0.40% during NF operating time.

ConclusionsThe atmospheric atomic bomb test fallout affected the human sex odds at birth overall, and the Chernobyl fallout had a similar impact in Europe and parts of Asia. The birth sex odds near nuclear facilities are also distorted. The persistently disturbed secular human sex odds trends allow the estimation of the global deficit of births in the range of several millions. 

Click here to read paper at: http://www.springerlink.com/content/w822527526045772/fulltext.pdf


A Survey of the World's Radioactive No-Go Zones

This is only some of what we have sacrificed to the human obsession with nuclear power and weapons. As, bit by bit, our planet, the environment, and our health (now and in the future) are compromised by greed, short term thinking, and unwillingness to step up to our energy challenges, this list will grow longer and longer. If we do not change our ways soon, the next list will be the few things that nuclear energy and weapons production and use have NOT threatened. Do we want that list to be what we offer our children and the future?

Have a look at the legacy we have already left. If the future survives us, is this how we want to be remembered?

Der Spiegel l Michail Hengstenberg, Gesche Sager and Philine Gebhardt

On Jul. 16, 1945, at 05:29:45 local time, the atomic era began as the first ever nuclear bomb, called "The Gadget", was detonated at the White Sands missile testing grounds in New Mexico. A similar device exploded over Nagasaki just a few weeks later. Beforehand, some of those involved in the test expressed fears that the explosion might ignite the atmosphere and destroy all life on the planet -- or completely incinerate New Mexico. But despite these concerns, the 18 kiloton bomb was detonated, creating a twelve-kilometer high mushroom cloud and a blast heard 320 kilometers away. Sand at the site of the explosion turned into green, radioactive glass -- also called Trinitit...

See photo gallery


Seeking New Clues to Cancer Risks From Atom Bomb Tests

Counterpunch l Joe Mangano 22 December, 2010

Baby Tooth Science

The atom bomb tests over the Nevada desert are etched in the American consciousness, even though they ended nearly half a century ago. The clouds that looked like gigantic mushrooms rising into the stratosphere remind us of the Cold War-era American-Soviet race to test and manufacture as many nuclear weapons as possible to fight what many felt would be an inevitable nuclear war.

Those days are gone. The Cold War is over. Stockpiles of nuclear weapons are shrinking. All-out nuclear war, while still possible, is no longer regarded as inevitable. And testing has ended – in the atmosphere and below the ground. Thus, it is tempting to think of bomb tests as a relic of history, with no current relevance.

But the tests ARE relevant. The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty of 1996, ratified by 153 countries, has still not been endorsed by the U.S. Senate, or other atomic nations. Thus, testing could legally resume at any time. Moreover, research on health hazards of test fallout is far from complete.

Some want to close the book on bomb test studies, citing the age of the tests and the difficulty of understanding health risk. But measuring risk is possible, thanks to - of all things - baby teeth.

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Robert Alvarez: Radioactive Fallout from Nuclear Testing and the rise of thyroid cancer in the U.S.

Read Robert Alvarez's excellent piece in the Huffington Post. Now is the time to readdress the issue of the long-term health effects of nuclear contamination. Cancer can have a very long lead time, that has given the government and the nuclear ind...

Attack of the Zeros

Will the rise of a new class of Cold Warriors doom Obama's nuke treaty?

Obamatraub pic.jpgJames Traub has written an interesting article relating the subject material of two new films- Nuclear Tipping Point and Countdown to Zero, to the position in which the Obama Administration finds itself in relation to the New START Treaty and the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, and current outdated Cold War sentiments within today's Republican Party.

He says: the entire Obama agenda on nonproliferation has been warped and blunted by the exigencies of catering to Senate Republicans -- and to those elements of the military and nuclear-weapons establishment that cling to the old Cold War paradigm. 

He goes on to say: The Obama administration has paid, and paid dearly, to ensure passage of START, a win which officials were once foolish enough to think would be fairly painless. But they might not have paid enough to satisfy the right. In recent days, conservatives have begun priming the pump of opposition, including a Wahington Post op-ed by former presidential candidate Mitt Romney so ludicrously ill-founded that Richard Lugar, the mild-mannered Republican senator, felt compelled to denounce it as a "hyperbolic" peddling of "misreadings and myths."

Many of the actions of the Obama Administration have been mysterious and disappointing to people who voted for him. Still, it's useful to know the kind of intrenched, illogical, head in the sand, thinking he's up against.


Radiation and Public Health Project / Making use of the internet to obtain data on nuclear reactor performance and health risk near reactors: A Guide for Non-Health Professionals

Joseph J. Mangano, MPH MBA / Radiation and Public Health Project    May 6, 2010

Monitoring the performance of nuclear reactors is a function assigned to government regulatory agencies at the national, state, and federal levels. However, it is important that citizens also have the ability to monitor performance. Reactors routinely emit hazardous radioactive chemicals as they operate, threatening the safety of the air, water, and food.

The development of the internet has made an enormous amount of information available to the general public. The following guide outlines some of the more useful sources of information, and gives instructions on how interested persons – who do not have to be health or scientific professionals - can obtain data.


The Legacy of U.S. Nuclear Testing in the Marshall Islands

Robert Alvarez / Huffington Post    13 July 2010

The radiological legacy of U.S. nuclear weapons testing in the Marshall Islands remains to this day and will persist for many years to come. The most severe impacts were visited upon the people of the Rongelap Atoll in 1954 following a very large thermonuclear explosion which deposited life-threatening quantities of radioactive fallout on their homeland.

They received more than three times the estimated external dose than to the most heavily exposed people living near the Chernobyl nuclear accident in 1986. It took more than two days before the Rongelap people were evacuated after the explosion. Many suffered from tissue destructive effects, such as burns, and subsequently from latent radiation-induced diseases.

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About Eighty Thousand Cancers in the United States, More Than 15,000 of Them Fatal, Attributable to Fallout from Worldwide Atmospheric Nuclear Testing

IEER: Hot Spots Occurred Thousands of Miles from Testing Areas, Government Study Shows Independent Institute Calls for Public Health Response, Compensation and a Global Truth Commission Takoma Park MD, February 28, 2002: An estimated 80,000 people...

Animated Map of the 2,053 Nuclear Explosions Between 1945-1998

Animated Map of the 2,053 Nuclear Explosions Between 1945-1998 Japanese artist Isao Hashimoto created an animated map which shows the 2,053 nuclear tests which occurred between 1945 and 1998.  The final count (which does not include the two North ...

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Nuclear Power is not the Answer